The lot causeth contentions to cease, and parteth between the mighty.
– Proverbs 18:18
[C]asting lots was a way of making decision deemed too difficult, or contested, in the Old Testament. Proverbs has one other mention of lots in Proverbs 16:33, which emphasizes God’s sovereignty such that the faithful understand the disposing is of the Lord. The proverb here refers to the lot for the purpose of ending contentions, or strife.